Invasive Alien Species (IAS) are the 2nd biggest threat to biodiversity after habitat destruction. In Southeast Asia (SE Asia) IAS are adversely affecting locally and globally significant biodiversity, and are invading and threatening forest habitats, species and their production capacity, as well as, indirectly, the livelihoods of millions of people depending on forests for food, commodities and energy security. Countries in the region recognize the need to implement Article 8 (h) of the CBD to mitigate the threats of IAS in SE Asia.
This GEF project aims to enhance the capacity of four pilot countries (Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam) to manage IAS, particularly in forest ecosystems, by strengthening existing national frameworks for the prevention and management of IAS. A multi-sector approach will be used, as well as fostering regional information exchange and capacity building between countries, specifically targeting the prevention and biocontrol of ‘shared’ priority invasive species, being of particular concern because of their negative impacts on production systems as well as forest biodiversity.
In Indonesia, forests are threatened by Acacia Nilotica, an invasive plant native to Africa, the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent. Introduced to Baluran National Park in 1969, it threatens the local biodiversity and has the potential to alter ecosystems